web design for beginners

Web Design for Beginners: A Comprehensive Guide to Creating Professional Websites

Are you new to web design and looking to create a website? Web design for beginners can be overwhelming, but with the right guidance, anyone can create a professional-looking website.

In this guide, we will cover the basics of website design, the principles of web development, and the best resources available to help you learn and grow as a web designer.

What is Web Design for Beginners?

Website design refers to the process of planning, creating, and updating the look and feel of a website. It involves the use of different elements such as layout, colour, graphics, fonts, images, and content to create an aesthetically pleasing and user-friendly website.

The purpose of website design is to enhance the user experience by making it easy for users to navigate and interact with the website. A good website design should not only be visually appealing but should also be optimized for usability and accessibility.

Website design can also include considerations for search engine optimization (SEO), user experience (UX) design, and responsive design for different devices and screen sizes.

Web Design for Beginners may also include learning various design tools, such as Adobe Photoshop, Sketch, and Figma, and coding languages, such as HTML, CSS, PHP and JavaScript.

if you’re looking to create a simple website design, you can use a website design software such as Wix or WordPress to create a free website.

These platforms offer web design templates and drag-and-drop editors like Elementor and Divi. They make it easy to create a professional-looking website without any coding skills.

If you’re looking to create a more complex web app design, you may need to learn Angular, React, PHP or other web development languages.

People ask if they can learn web design on their own, the answer is yes.

It is possible to learn web design on your own through various online resources, tutorials, courses, and practice. However, it requires self-discipline, dedication, and a willingness to learn and adapt to new technologies and design trends.

It is also helpful to seek feedback from others and participate in online communities to improve your skills and receive constructive criticism.

What is the difference between no-code, low-code and full-code web design?

Web Design for Beginners: A Comprehensive Guide to Creating Professional Websites

No-code, low-code, and full-code are different approaches to web design, each with its own level of complexity and skill required to develop a website.

  • No-Code Web Design: No-code web design involves using a visual interface to create a website without writing any code. This approach is ideal for people who have no coding experience but still want to create a website quickly and easily. Website builders such as Wix, Weebly, Webflow, Squarespace, and Shopify are examples of no-code web design platforms.
  • Low-Code Web Design: Low-code web design involves using pre-built blocks of code or drag-and-drop interfaces to create a website. This approach requires some coding knowledge, but it is less complex than full-code web design. Low-code platforms, such as WordPress, allow users to customize templates with minimal coding knowledge.
  • Full-Code Web Design: Full-code web design requires writing code from scratch to build a website. This approach requires advanced coding knowledge and is more complex than no-code and low-code web design. Full-code web design gives you complete control over the website design and functionality, and it is the most flexible approach. Examples of full-code web design include HTML, CSS, JavaScript, and PHP. Framer is also a full-code platform.

In summary, no-code is the easiest and most accessible approach, while low-code and full-code web design require more technical knowledge and experience. The choice of approach depends on the complexity of the website and the level of control you need over its design and functionality.

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Skills Required for Web Design

Depending on the type of website designer you want to be, you may need to know a combination of technical and creative skills.

You may need to have proficiency in web design tools such as Adobe Creative Suite, Sketch, and Figma. Learn coding languages, including HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. Or learn how to use CMS or no-code platforms.

Attention to detail, strong problem-solving skills, and the ability to work collaboratively are also crucial attributes for web designers.

A good website designer should also have some knowledge of graphics design. Canva is a great tool for beginners looking to reduce the learning curve of graphics design.

It’s important to note that web design is a constantly evolving field, and web designers must stay up-to-date with the latest design trends and technologies to remain competitive in the industry. Therefore, continuous learning and adaptability are necessary skills for web designers.

Read this: 12 best website builders for your website

The Basic Five Elements of Web Design

Basic Five Elements of Web Design

Web design involves the creation and layout of web pages. Web design is a vital aspect of creating a website that is visually appealing, user-friendly, and informative. A well-designed website can attract and retain visitors, while a poorly designed site can drive them away.

There are five essential elements that a designer must consider when creating or redesigning a website.

  • Layout: Layout refers to the overall arrangement of elements on a web page, including text, images, and graphics on a web page. A good layout should be visually appealing, easy to navigate and guide the user’s attention to the most important information. A well-planned layout can also improve the readability of the content, making it easier for users to engage with the website.
  • Colour: Color is a crucial component of web design, as it can evoke emotions and set the tone for the website. Colours can be used to create contrast and hierarchy, highlight important information, and create a cohesive visual theme. It is crucial to choose the right colour scheme that aligns with the brand identity and appeals to the target audience. A skilled designer knows how to use colour to create an aesthetic that is visually appealing and appropriate for the website’s purpose.
  • Typography: Typography refers to the font styles, sizes, and spacing used for the text on a website. The right typography can help convey the brand’s personality and voice, as well as improve readability and user engagement. Choosing appropriate typography can be a challenge, and designers must carefully consider factors such as legibility, visual appeal, and accessibility.
  • Images: Images are a crucial component of web design, used to enhance the visual appeal of a website, convey information, and break up the text. They can be used to create a mood or atmosphere, showcase products, and illustrate concepts. A skilled designer knows how to select and use images effectively, ensuring they are high-quality, visually appealing, and optimized for web use.
  • Navigation: Navigation refers to the way users move around a website. Good navigation is essential to ensure users can find what they are looking for quickly and easily. Designers must consider the user’s journey through the website and create intuitive and easy-to-use navigation menus that guide them to the content they need. Clear and consistent navigation can also enhance the user experience and increase the time spent on the website.

The Resources for Learning Web Design at Home:

If you’re interested in learning web design at home, there are many resources available online that can help you get started. Here are some of the best resources:

  • W3Schools: W3Schools is an online resource that offers free tutorials and guides for web development and web design. It’s an excellent resource for beginners to learn the basics of web design and coding languages. The website offers interactive coding exercises and quizzes to help users learn and practice their skills.
  • Codecademy: Codecademy is an online learning platform that offers interactive coding courses on various topics, including web design. It’s an excellent resource for those who prefer a more interactive and hands-on approach to learning. Codecademy offers both free and paid courses, with a wide range of topics and skill levels.
  • Udemy: Udemy is an online learning platform that offers courses on web design and development, taught by experts in the field. Some courses are free, while others require a fee. Udemy’s courses are self-paced, and users can learn at their own pace and access course materials from anywhere.
  • YouTube: YouTube is a vast resource for web design tutorials and guides. There are many channels dedicated to web design, and some of the best include The Net Ninja, Traversy Media, and DesignCourse. These channels offer free tutorials on various web design topics, from HTML and CSS to JavaScript and user experience design.
  • Blogs: Blogs are an excellent resource for learning web design at home. There are many blogs available on the internet that are dedicated to web design and offer a wealth of information and resources for beginners. You can check out blogs such as A List Apart, Smashing Magazine, Web Designer Depot, Webflow Blog and Design Shack.

Understand User Experience (UX) Basics

UX refers to the overall experience a user has while interacting with a website. It encompasses everything from the ease of navigation to the colour scheme and font choices.

Understanding User Experience (UX) Basics is crucial when it comes to designing a website that is easy to use and enjoyable for your users. As a beginner in web design, you need to grasp the fundamentals of UX.

The overall experience that users have while interacting with a website is what is referred to as UX. It involves everything from the ease of navigation to the colour scheme and font choices.

As a web designer, you need to ensure that your website meets the following key principles of UX design to enhance user experience:

  • Usability: Users should find the website easy to use, with clear navigation and intuitive interfaces. This includes the use of simple and clear language and avoiding confusing elements.
  • Accessibility: It is essential to ensure that your website is accessible to all users, including those with disabilities. This can be achieved by providing alternative text descriptions for images, using high-contrast colours, and avoiding the use of flashing or moving content.
  • Consistency: The website should be consistent in its design and layout, with a clear hierarchy of information. This means that users should be able to navigate the website seamlessly and predict what to expect on each page.
  • Feedback: Providing feedback to users when they interact with the website, such as when they click a button or submit a form, is crucial. This helps to keep them informed and reassured that they are making progress.

Understand User Interface (UI) Basics

Understand User Interface (UI) Basics

As a beginner in web design, it’s essential to keep in mind the target audience. This is why learning web design for beginners is critical.

User Interface (UI) Basics is another crucial aspect of web design that beginners need to understand. UI refers to the visual and interactive elements of a website, such as buttons, menus, and forms. A good UI is visually appealing and intuitive, making it easy for users to navigate and interact with the website.

Here are some key principles of UI design that web designers should take note of:

  • Simplicity: A good design should be simple and easy to understand, with clear visual cues for navigation and interaction. This means avoiding the use of too many colours or fonts and keeping the design clean and uncluttered.
  • Clarity: The design should be clear and easy to read, with consistent typography and colour schemes. This ensures that users can quickly and easily find the information they need on the website.
  • Consistency: The design should be consistent across all pages of the website, with a clear hierarchy of information. This means that users can quickly find what they are looking for, regardless of which page they are on.
  • Responsiveness: The design should be responsive, adapting to different screen sizes and devices. This is important since more people are accessing websites on mobile devices than ever before.

Understanding and implementing these key principles of UX and UI design will help you create a website that is not only visually appealing but also easy to use and navigate for your users. As a beginner in web design, take the time to learn and understand these principles, and your website will be a success.

Find Inspiration from Other Designers

As a beginner in web design, it can be helpful to look to other designers for inspiration and guidance. To further enhance your knowledge in web design for beginners, you can seek inspiration from other designers through websites and communities like Dribbble, Behance, and Awwwards.

When looking for inspiration for your website design, you can browse through these websites to see the best web design examples, and use them to learn new skills and techniques. This can include studying the principles of web development and best practices for good web design.

Another way to look for website design inspiration is to go through existing websites for any niche of choice. Or you could simply visit a theme marketplace and go through the design templates for sale there. This helps you to understand how experienced designers are going about their design.

When looking for inspiration, don’t copy other designers’ work directly. Instead, use their work as a starting point and come up with your own unique design ideas.

Start Designing

Once you’ve learned the basics of web design for beginners, it’s time to start designing your own website. Start by sketching out your ideas on paper or using wireframing tools like Figma, Adobe XD or Sketch to create a basic layout. But it might be better to just sketch your ideas on paper as using those tools will require another learning curve.

But if you have prior knowledge of those tools before, you can create a more detailed design using them. Be sure to focus on the basics of web design, such as layout, typography, and colour scheme.

Web design for beginners should be simple and easy to understand, which is why there are many web design tutorial resources available online. Learning web design is made easier with website design software and web designing courses that cater to beginners.

The website layout is also a crucial element of web design. Simple website design often follows a clean and minimalistic layout, while web app design can have a more complex layout depending on the application’s purpose.

Get Feedback

Finally, once you’ve created a design, it’s important to get feedback from others. This can be from friends and family, or from online communities such as Reddit or Designer News.

Take any feedback you receive into consideration, but don’t be afraid to stick to your own vision for the website. Remember, web design is a creative process, and ultimately it’s up to you to decide what works best for your website.


Web design can seem intimidating at first, but with the right approach and resources, anyone can learn the basics. Remember to focus on the key elements of web design, including layout, typography, colour scheme, UX, and UI.

Take advantage of the many resources available online to learn web design, and don’t be afraid to experiment and try new things. With time and practice, you’ll be well on your way to creating beautiful and functional websites.

However, if you are not interested in learning and would rather hire someone. It’s recommended to work with a professional website design company that provides web design and development services. They can help you create the best professional and effective website that meets your needs.

UI UX developer skills are also important for web designers, as they help in creating an enjoyable and intuitive user experience. If you need a web designer, look for a professional website design company that offers UI UX designer website services.


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Mallami Adekunle

Kunle Mallami is a digital entrepreneur with expertise in website design, digital marketing, brand strategy and digital content writing. When he's not doing any of these, he will probably be on YouTube learning.

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